OPE体育

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环球 | 刘永谋:技术时代语言文字的命运

日期: 2020-10-14


有关美国政府打压互联网短视频社交平台TikTok的讨论铺天盖地,但鲜有从语言层面进行解析的。其实,语言(及与语言相关的程序)本身也是一种技术,而美国打压TikTok事件也只是系列事件的一个代表。从这一角度着眼并深度透析相关现象,在这个信息技术、数字技术加速升级的时代,显得殊为必要。

语言的社会性因子

有人认为,我们当今所处的时代与其说是科学时代,不如说是技术时代。20世纪将技术简单地视为科学之应用的观念,明显已经过时。实际上,“求真之高贵科学”的观念从未在中国社会占据主流,人们接受科学更多是因为它能帮助实现技术-工业的实用目标。

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语言评判标准趋向多元化

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古典的文字与写作走下神坛,与技术对作者的“攻击”紧密相关。语言是人与人之间的交流沟通工具,而人与人之间的权力等级塑成教化与表达的对立。权力者往往“居高声自远”,他/她的言语意味着别人的倾听和服从,而无权者的表达往往是自言自语,甚至是不能让统治者听见的腹诽。

congyuyandejiaodukan,wangluogemingdezuigaomubiaoshiyizhongwenhuacengmiandegeming,jidazaorenrendounengziyoushiyongyuyan、pingdenggongzhengjiaoliudeyuyanwutuobang。zaiqizhong,meiyouzuozheheduzhedequfen,jiaohuayubiaodadebupingdengbeipaoqi。zhongyaodebuzaishishuoshenme,ershiyousheiyuanyitingnishuo。yiqianyixieduzheyexiang“shasi”zuozhe,jishushidaishizhimengxiangchengzhen。

技术使语言表达更丰富

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语言也成为权力斗争的工具

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zaizhinenggemingshidai,yuyanweilaidemingyunjiujingruhe?wulunruhe,fansiyuyanyujishudeguanxi,bunenghushizhishiyuquanlidezhongyaoweidu,zheiyurenleiweilaidemingyunjinmixiangguan。


(zuozheliuyongmou,xiopeguanwangjiaoshou。yuanwenkanfayu《huanqiu》zazhi2020nian10yue14ridi21qi。)


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